Nuclear Policy

 
 

All

  • Proliferation Analysis
    Brief Reflections on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime
    October 30, 2003 Brussels

    The NPT has been a huge success story for 35 years in stemming nuclear proliferation. In the 1990s, however, cracks began to emerge in that regime and they have grown and become serious enough to threaten the stability of the entire regime.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Success of Europe’s ‘Soft Power’?
    October 28, 2003

    Europe is celebrating the British, French and German foreign ministers' diplomatic coup in Tehran last week. The three foreign ministers succeeded in convincing Iran to agree to suspend uranium enrichment activities and to sign the Additional Protocol to its IAEA safeguards agreement, authorizing more intrusive inspections. Most European commentators are hailing this breakthrough as an important achievement for Europe. The Austrian Der Standard called it "the greatest success for European diplomacy in ten years of political union, since the Maastricht Treaty."

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    Iran Agrees to Nuclear Demands
    October 21, 2003

    On October 21, Iran announced that it would temporarily suspend its uranium enrichment program and sign the Additional Protocol, requiring more robust inspections. Iranian officials declined to specify the duration or form of this suspension. The tougher inspection system would authorize International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors to perform spot checks of any suspicious sites, without prior notice. Dr. Rowhani, head of Iran's Supreme National Security Council, stated that Iran would probably sign the protocol before the November 20th IAEA board meeting.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    Assessing DOD Control of Surplus Chemical and Biological Equipment and Material
    Samia Amin October 15, 2003

    A General Accounting Office investigation into the Defense Department's disposition of excess lab supplies revealed that the Pentagon is selling equipment usable for bio-terrorism, over the Internet at discount prices.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    Iran's Nuclear Challenge
    October 10, 2003

    On October 8, Iran's President Mohammed Khatami said Tehran will cooperate "to assure the world that we are not pursuing nuclear weapons, which truly we are not.'' He also, however, reaffirmed Iran's determination to continue enriching uranium as its "obvious legal right." This is the core dilemma. The October 31 IAEA-imposed deadline for Iran is fast approaching. Will Iran, as required, resolve all outstanding questions on its nuclear program, and suspend all its uranium-enrichment activity?

     
  • Op-Ed
    Breaking the Stalemate in Iran
    Rose Gottemoeller October 7, 2003 Carnegie
     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Kay Contradiction
    October 3, 2003

    Buried in the October 2 congressional testimony of David Kay were two bombshells: all the Iraq Survey Group evidence collected to date indicates that there were not any active programs to develop or produce chemical or nuclear weapons. In the middle of a paragraph halfway through his testimony, Kay presents what should have been his lead finding: "Information found to date suggests that Iraq's large-scale capability to develop, produce, and fill new CW munitions was reduced - if not entirely destroyed - during Operations Desert Storm and Desert Fox, 13 years of UN sanctions and UN inspections." Similarly, three paragraphs into Kay's description of Saddam's intention to develop nuclear weapons, he says: "to date we have not uncovered evidence that Iraq undertook significant post-1998 steps to actually build nuclear weapons or produce fissile material."

     
  • Op-Ed
    Asia's Nuclear Arc
    Joseph Cirincione, Husain Haqqani October 2, 2003 Washington, D.C.

    The International Atomic Energy Agency has demanded that Iran give a full and final accounting of its nuclear activities by Oct. 31, or risk action by the U.N. Security Council. Iran's eastern neighbor, Pakistan, and Pakistan's traditional rival, India, have already tested nuclear weapons. India's neighbor and rival, China, has been a nuclear power for many years.

     
  • Event
    Iraq Briefing with Jessica Mathews
    Marina Ottaway, Joseph Cirincione September 30, 2003 The Washington Post

    Jessica Mathews, president of the Carnegie Endowment, has returned from a Department of Defense-sponsored trip to Iraq. She joined Carnegie colleagues for a briefing. Read transcript.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Nukes Endanger Asia's Future
    Joseph Cirincione, Husain Haqqani September 29, 2003 Washington, D.C.
     
  • Event
    Second Moscow International Nonproliferation Conference
    September 19, 2003 Carnegie

    Held at the Metropol Hotel, Moscow, Russia.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Air Force Dissents
    September 11, 2003

    The Wall Street Journal reported September 10 that when President George Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell were warning that Iraq could strike the U.S. with biological and chemical weapons carried by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), these "top policymakers would have known that the Air Force disagreed with this assessment." Original claims of Iraq's UAV capability, particularly in Secretary Powell's statement to the United Nations February 5, 2003, impressed many observers including this author. The Washington Post quoted Joseph Cirincione on the Iraqi UAV capabilities outlined by Powell, "This is the kind of thing that Iraq could use to attack Israel. It is a very effective example of the persistence of Iraq's efforts."

     
  • Op-Ed
    New U.S. - Russian Approach Needed on Iran
    Jon Wolfsthal September 8, 2003 Washington, D.C.

    Even during the depths of the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union often worked together to halt the spread of nuclear weapons to new countries. Unfortunately, the approaches being pursued by both countries will do nothing to slow Iran's ability to produce nuclear weapons, and a new approach and better coordination is desperately needed before it is too late.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Kay Report Comedown
    September 2, 2003

    The Boston Globe discloses that later this month David Kay, head of the 1200-person Iraq Survey Team, will report that although US troops and experts have been unable to find any hard evidence of chemical, biological or nuclear weapons or long-range missiles, they have uncovered a vast conspiracy to deceive United Nations inspectors. According to Globe reporter Bryan Bender, Kay "will build a strong, but largely circumstantial case that Hussein dispersed his weapons programs." Kay will say that he has found evidence of intentions to possibly build such weapons after inspectors left the country.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Flawed Approaches on Iran
    Jon Wolfsthal September 2, 2003 Paris
     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    Inflated Trailer Threat
    August 13, 2003

    The revelation that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency do not believe that two trailers found in Iraq are mobile bioweapons laboratories comes as a three-part blow to the administration. First, it is another sign of the deep divisions the prewar claims have generated within the intelligence community, a divide unprecedented in recent memory. Second, it raises serious questions about the truthfulness of earlier defense department statements that all the experts agreed the trailers could only be used to make biological weapons. Finally, by deflating the only significant piece of evidence uncovered in five months of searches by US troops, it undermines the credibility of claims that Iraq poised such a dangerous and imminent threat that UN inspections could not be allowed to proceed.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    Space-Based Missile Defense: Not So Heavenly
    Theresa Hitchens July 24, 2003 Washington, D.C.

    The Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency (MDA) recently admitted that it was pushing back plans to put up a space-based missile defense test bed to at least 2008. But that does not mean the agency has given up on developing orbiting interceptors for shooting down enemy missiles in their boost-phase, shortly after their launch.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    North Korea's Intelligence
    July 22, 2003 BBC

    How much confidence can anyone have about intelligence estimates regarding North Korea's nuclear program, in light of the row over Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction? Unfortunately, the answer is not good. North Korea is widely considered by intelligence officers as the hardest target to crack in terms of reliable information, and there are political pressures at work within the Bush administration that raise the spectre that intelligence may also be used selectively to advance certain policy positions.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Iranian Uranium Question
    July 18, 2003

    Reports indicate that samples taken by international inspectors in Iran reveal the presence of enriched uranium. If true, this could be the first hard evidence that Iran has purified uranium outside of safeguards and in violation of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Article III of the NPT requires the full application of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards over all nuclear activities within a member country. Iran recently disclosed that it has been building a uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and claims it plans to place the facility under safeguards. The United States and others maintain that the plant is intended for the production of uranium for use in nuclear weapons, a charge Iran denies.

     
  • Proliferation Analysis
    The Intelligence Bell Curve
    July 17, 2003

    Over the past five years, the intelligence assessments and official warnings on Iraq's weapons capability followed a bell curve. From 1998 to 2001, they expressed a fairly low-level of concern about Iraqi programs. They rose dramatically in 2002, however, peaking in warnings about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction program in 2003 at the start of the war, and then declined in the weeks and months after the war to lowered expectations about the size of the arsenals and fairly low-level concern about the use or transfer of these weapons or capabilities.

     
Back to main page

Follow the Nuclear Policy Program

Nuclear Policy Conference 20175

Proliferation News

Enter your email address in the field below to receive the latest Proliferation News in your inbox!

Personal Information
 

Carnegie Experts on Nuclear Policy

  • James M. Acton
    Jessica T. Mathews Chair
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Acton holds the Jessica T. Mathews Chair and is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Fiona Cunningham
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Fiona Cunningham is a nonresident scholar in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and was a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow in 2020-21.

  •  
  • Toby Dalton
    Co-director and Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Dalton is the co-director and a senior fellow of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. An expert on nonproliferation and nuclear energy, his work addresses regional security challenges and the evolution of the global nuclear order.

  •  
  • Rose Gottemoeller
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Rose Gottemoeller is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. She also serves as the Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution.

  •  
  • Mark Hibbs
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Hibbs is a Germany-based nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His areas of expertise are nuclear verification and safeguards, multilateral nuclear trade policy, international nuclear cooperation, and nonproliferation arrangements.

  •  
  • Togzhan Kassenova
    Nonresident Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Kassenova is a nonresident fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.

  •  
  • Ulrich Kühn
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Ulrich Kühn is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the head of the arms control and emerging technologies program at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg.

  •  
  • Jamie Kwong
    Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Jamie Kwong is a fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Technology and International Affairs Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Thomas MacDonald
    Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Thomas MacDonald is a fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Ankit Panda
    Stanton Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • George Perkovich
    Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.

  •  
  • Lindsay Rand
    Stanton Pre-Doctoral Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Lindsay Rand is a Stanton pre-doctoral fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Sinan Ülgen
    Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Europe

    Ülgen is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.

  •  
  • Tristan Volpe
    Nonresident Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.

  •  
  • Fumihiko Yoshida
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Fumihiko Yoshida is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Tong Zhao
    Senior Fellow
    Carnegie China

    Tong Zhao is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program.

  •  
 
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
 
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036-2103 Phone: 202 483 7600 Fax: 202 483 1840
Please note...

You are leaving the website for the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and entering a website for another of Carnegie's global centers.

请注意...

你将离开清华—卡内基中心网站,进入卡内基其他全球中心的网站。