Anouar Boukhars

Nonresident Fellow
Middle East Program
tel +1 410 245 3326
Boukhars is a nonresident fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is a professor of countering violent extremism and counter-terrorism at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, National Defense University.
 

Education

PhD, Old Dominion University
MA, Al-Akhawayn University
BA, Ibn Tofail University

Languages

Arabic; English; French

 

Anouar Boukhars is a nonresident fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program and a professor of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Counter-Terrorism (CT) at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS), National Defense University, Washington, DC. Prior to joining ACSS, Boukhars was an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. His publications have appeared in the Journal of Conflict Studies, International Political Science Review, Middle Eastern Studies, African Security Review, European Security, Journal of the Middle East and Africa, Counter Terrorism Center Sentinel, World Politics Review, Al Jazeera Center for Studies, Orient, and Terrorism Monitor

Boukhars is the author of Politics in Morocco: Executive Monarchy and Enlightened Authoritarianism (Routledge, 2010) and co-author of Salafism in the Maghreb: Politics, Piety, and Militancy (Oxford University, 2019). He is also the co-editor of Perilous Desert: Insecurity in the Sahara (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2013) and Perspectives on Western Sahara: Myths, Nationalisms and Geopolitics (Rowman and Littlefield, 2013).

Boukhars holds a Ph.D. in international studies from Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia; an M.A. in applied humanities from Al Akhaweyn University in Ifrane, Morocco; and a B.A. in English literature from Ibn Tofail University in Kenitra, Morocco.

  • Op-Ed Africa Center for Strategic Studies July 16, 2021
    Tunisia’s Evolving Counterterrorism Strategy

    While Tunisia has made noteworthy progress in its counterterrorism efforts, much more work remains to be done in the qualitative aspects of these efforts if progress is to be sustained.

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  • The Logic of Violence in Africa’s Extremist Insurgencies
    Perspectives on Terrorism October 30, 2020
    The Logic of Violence in Africa’s Extremist Insurgencies

    Existing studies help explain how extremist insurgencies erupt and evolve, and why some countries are more affected than others. But there are still notable gaps in understanding the choices, tactics, and strategies of violent extremist groups.

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  • Nouakchott, Mauritania
    Africa Center for Strategic Studies June 16, 2020
    Keeping Terrorism at Bay in Mauritania

    The story of Mauritania’s transformation from the weakest link in the crisis-ridden Sahel to one of its most resilient is instructive.

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  • A worker cleans a mosque
    Article April 16, 2020
    Islamic Authority and Arab States in a Time of Pandemic

    To contain the coronavirus, Arab governments are mobilizing official Islamic institutions. The most pressing goal is to shut down sites of potential contagion as Ramadan approaches.

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  • Tunisia Crying out for Change
    Africa Center for Strategic Studies September 27, 2019
    Tunisia Crying out for Change

    Tunisia’s run-off election between two political outsiders reflects both the growing independence of Tunisia’s democratic institutions and the pent-up public demands for improved service delivery and redressing social inequities.

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  • Article March 19, 2019 عربي
    Barriers Versus Smugglers: Algeria and Morocco’s Battle for Border Security

    Despite a hardened border, smugglers continue to find a way. Together, Algeria and Morocco need to de-incentivize smuggling and reduce corruption.

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  • Reassessing the power of regional security providers: the case of Algeria and Morocco
    Middle Eastern Studies February 27, 2019
    Reassessing the Power of Regional Security Providers: The Case of Algeria and Morocco

    More than half a decade after the collapse of the Libyan state and the severe destabilization of Mali, regional policymakers are still seeking the appropriate principles and patterns of management that can foster a modicum of stability in the broader regional security architecture linking the Maghreb and the Sahel.

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  • As Their Influence Grows, the Maghreb’s ‘Quietist’ Salafists Are Anything but Quiet
    Op-Ed World Politics Review December 11, 2018
    As Their Influence Grows, the Maghreb’s ‘Quietist’ Salafists Are Anything but Quiet

    The growth of counterterrorism allies and quietists is one result of the political trends throughout North Africa since the Arab uprisings.

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  • The Paradox of Modern Jihadi Insurgencies: The Case of the Sahel and Maghreb
    Al Jazeera Centre for Studies July 15, 2018
    The Paradox of Modern Jihadi Insurgencies: The Case of the Sahel and Maghreb

    The importance of radical ideology in the Sahel and Maghreb stems from its instrumental value and normative commitments. For rebel leaders, radical ideology helps their groups recruit and stand out from the rest of the pack.

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  • Maghreb: Dream of Unity, Reality of Divisions
    Al Jazeera June 3, 2018
    Maghreb: Dream of Unity, Reality of Divisions

    It has long been an axiom among the rulers of each Maghrebi country to brandish their rhetorical commitment to regional integration while often-shamelessly suffocating the principles and prospects of unity.

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  • Salafism in the Maghreb: Politics, Piety, and Militancy
    Oxford University Press December 19, 2019
    Salafism in the Maghreb: Politics, Piety, and Militancy

    The Arab Maghreb is a vitally important region that impacts the security and politics of Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the broader Middle East. It is also home to the conservative, literalist interpretation of Islam known as Salafism, which has emerged as a major social and political force.

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  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace April 17, 2013
    Perilous Desert: Insecurity in the Sahara

    The Sahara suffers from a perfect storm of weaknesses. Foreign assistance that relies exclusively on counterterrorism will only exacerbate the problems.

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  • Marginalized Border Areas in the Maghreb
    Voice of America April 4, 2018
    Marginalized Border Areas in the Maghreb

    The Maghreb continues to see a rise in discontent and militancy due to governmental indifference towards marginalized border regions.

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  • FRIDE August 22, 2013
    The Western Sahara Conflict

    The conflict between Morocco and the Polisario has resulted in enormous human, economic, and political problems for the region.

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  • CSPAN February 1, 2013
    Conflict in Mali

    The conflict in Mali has its roots in regional struggles, particularly in Algeria, against violent Islamist groups.

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  • WBEZ's Worldview January 17, 2013
    Islamists in the Sahel

    The conflict in northern Mali cannot be solved by a military solution alone. Any effort to end the violence will have to utilize diplomatic and political components to address the grievances of the groups that have taken up arms.

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Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=772

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