Mark Hibbs

Nonresident Senior Fellow
Nuclear Policy Program
Hibbs is a Germany-based nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His areas of expertise are nuclear verification and safeguards, multilateral nuclear trade policy, international nuclear cooperation, and nonproliferation arrangements.


MA, Columbia University
BA, Cornell University


Dutch; English; French; German


Mark Hibbs is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program, based in Berlin and Bonn, Germany. Before joining Carnegie in 2010 he was an editor and correspondent in the field of nuclear energy, nuclear trade, and nonproliferation. His work appeared in a number of publications, including the Financial Times organization, Nucleonics Week, and Nuclear Fuel, published by the Platts division of the McGraw-Hill Companies.

Hibbs’ research is focused broadly on international nuclear trade and nonproliferation governance in four main areas: the international nuclear trade regime, decisionmaking at the International Atomic Energy Agency, nuclear safeguards and verification, and bilateral nuclear cooperation arrangements.

In 2011 in Brussels, and in 2015 in Vienna, Hibbs chaired two workshops for all participating governments of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the world’s leading multilateral nuclear trade control mechanism. He also authored a Carnegie report, The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, published in 2011.

Hibbs also works on policy concerning the generation of nuclear power. In 2012 Hibbs co-authored with James Acton a report on Why Fukushima Was Preventable. Since 2012, Hibbs has led a project at Carnegie concerning the future of China’s nuclear energy program, its nuclear fuel cycle, and spent fuel management policies. In 2018 Hibbs published the report from this project as a book: The Future of Nuclear Power in China; the Mandarin-language version of this report was published in China in 2019.

In 2014 Hibbs authored a study on Turkey’s policies concerning the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the Nuclear Suppliers Group as part of a project called Turkey’s Nuclear Future.

Since joining Carnegie Hibbs has also contributed in articles and commentary which have appeared in the New York Times, International Herald Tribune, Chosun Ilbo, Financial Times, Le Monde, Mainichi Shimbun, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Washington Post, and other media. He has also been a frequent contributor to the Arms Control Wonk blog.

  • China's first nuclear missile (middle) at Beijing's Military Museum
    Testimony Nuclear Forces, U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission June 10, 2021
    Military-Civil Fusion and China’s Nuclear Program

    The United States responded to Chinese nuclear espionage by sanctioning Chinese state-owned entities and including U.S. technology protection in the China-U.S. nuclear cooperation agreement. In the future U.S. nuclear industry engagement in China may decline, reflecting greater perceived risk and China’s technology indigenization.

  • Is Iran’s Nuclear Future in the Hands of Russia and China?
    Strategic Europe April 7, 2020
    Is Iran’s Nuclear Future in the Hands of Russia and China?

    With new concerns about Iran’s nuclear activities emerging, Russia and China could take on the role of engaging with Tehran to make it cooperate with the UN’s nuclear watchdog.

  • Iran and the NPT: Safeguards at Stake
    European Leadership Network March 6, 2020
    Iran and the NPT: Safeguards at Stake

    Whether or not members of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) can de-escalate tensions with Iran depends on how they approach divides within their ranks. On nonproliferation, Europe has an opportunity to find common ground between the United States and Russia.

  • Iran on the Boil in the IAEA Boardroom: Russia, the West, and NPT Obligations
    European Leadership Network February 17, 2020
    Iran on the Boil in the IAEA Boardroom: Russia, the West, and NPT Obligations

    Differences between Russia and the United States in the Board of Governors at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) may inhibit multilateral verification of Iran’s safeguards obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

  • Scratching Erdogan's Nuclear Itch
    Arms Control Wonk October 22, 2019
    Scratching Erdogan’s Nuclear Itch

    Although Turkey is not likely to pursue a nuclear weapons program, it is expanding its nuclear industry by partnering with Russia.

  • Op-Ed Arms Control Wonk April 29, 2019
    KSA and Part 810: Inform Congress

    Despite sparring between Congress and the Trump administration over information related to nuclear technology transfers to Saudi Arabia, a recent CRS report shows that Congress must be informed.

  • Op-Ed Arms Control Wonk April 16, 2019
    KSA: Outliers and Firewalls

    Though recent allegations of secrecy and illegal activity regarding the export of nuclear materials to Saudi Arabia raises important questions, faith in existing U.S. statutes and legislative oversight should not be shaken.

  • Op-Ed Arms Control Wonk November 27, 2018
    Safeguards for Saudi Arabia

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has recently taken a significant step in its nuclear research and development program that at the same time illuminates Riyadh’s best route for demonstrating transparency in nuclear safeguards.

  • The Hope in Europe
    Op-Ed Bulletin of Atomic Scientists October 24, 2018
    The Hope in Europe

    While the decision of President Donald Trump to walk away from the INF Treaty drew a heated response from policy pundits in Washington, European analysts hold hope that the U.S. and Russia may resolve issues with the treaty this week.

  • The Future of Nuclear Power in China
    Report May 14, 2018 中文
    The Future of Nuclear Power in China

    China is on course to lead the world in the deployment of nuclear power technology by 2030. Should it succeed, China will assume global leadership in nuclear technology development, industrial capacity, and nuclear energy governance.

  • Wall Street Journal TV November 25, 2013
    Is the Iran Deal Scientifically Possible?

    The interim agreement between Iran and the P5+1 includes technical limitations on Iran’s program but most importantly serves as a confidence-building process.

  • BBC World News September 3, 2013
    Fukushima Radiation Levels

    Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant is back in the headlines as the country’s government reveals plans to deal with the latest leaks of contaminated water at the crippled nuclear facility.

  • Sun News October 10, 2012
    Is Iran a Ticking Time Bomb?

    Although Iran has been making enriched uranium fuel, it is less clear if it is able to actually take nuclear material and make it into an explosive device.

  • NHK March 23, 2012
    The Accident at the Fukushima Daiichi NPP: The World Ponders

    A lack of preparation, defenses and confusion about who held responsibility contributed to the seriousness of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

  • Mark Hibbs
    Wisconsin Public Radio June 13, 2011
    A Future Without Nuclear Energy?

    The recent nuclear disaster in Japan has many people re-thinking the risks and benefits of nuclear energy. Germany took a bold stance two weeks ago when it pledged to shut down its nuclear reactors by 2022.

  • Deutsche Welle March 14, 2011
    Chernobyl-Style Meltdown 'Not Possible' in Japan

    Given that the Japanese have one of the most advanced nuclear power programs in the world, there is bound to be a serious reevaluation of whether nuclear power programs around the world are capable of dealing with massive geological events like the earthquake that hit Japan.

  • Fox News March 11, 2011
    Japan's Nuclear Plants Safe After Quake?

    While passive safety features ensured that Japan's Fukushima reactors automatically shut off after the earthquake struck, the core remains hot even after the nuclear chain reaction ceases. If the core cannot be cooled, there could be potentially dangerous repercussions.

  • Fox News March 11, 2011
    Earthquake's Impact on Japanese Nuclear Plants

    Although Japan's nuclear reactors in Fukushima have shut down, the fuel rods remain hot. If the coolant system does not function properly, the fuel rods could overheat, posing a real danger.

  • CBC Radio March 11, 2011
    Fukushima: What Went Wrong?

    Although Japan's Fukushima reactors have been shut down, their fuel rods still need to cool down, so that the remaining water meant to cool the core does not boil and expose the radioactive rods.

  • Radio Australia June 22, 2010
    China Plans to Build Two Nuclear Reactors in Pakistan

    There are growing concerns that China and the United States are on a collision course over Chinese plans to build two nuclear reactors in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

  • Navigating a Turbulent Future: What to Expect in 2022?
    December 9, 2021 Live on YouTube and Facebook عربي
    Navigating a Turbulent Future? What to Expect in 2022

    The Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center will be holding its fifth annual conference on Wednesday, December 8, and Thursday, December 9, 2021, to delve deeper into what to expect in 2022.

  • The Growing Threat of Nuclear Proliferation
    December 8, 2021 YouTube @CARNEGIEMENA عربي
    The Growing Threat of Nuclear Proliferation

    Join us on Wednesday, December 8 from 19:30-20:30 EET for a public panel discussion with Rose Gottemoeller, Mark Hibbs and George Perkovich chaired by Névine Schepers.

  • May 14, 2018 Washington, DC 中文
    The Future of Nuclear Power in China

    An analysis of the challenges facing Chinese decisionmakers in developing and deploying nuclear power technology.

  • The JCPOA: Looking Ahead After One Year
    June 29, 2016 Washington, DC
    The JCPOA: Looking Ahead After One Year

    As the first anniversary of the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran approaches, it is time to look ahead to the long-term implications of the agreement.

  • April 24, 2015 Washington, DC
    What the New U.S.-South Korea Civil Nuclear Cooperation Means

    After years of complex negotiations, the United States and South Korea have concluded a new nuclear cooperation accord.

  • April 8, 2013 Washington, DC, Ronald Reagan Building International Trade Center, Polaris
    Whither Nuclear Power?

    How will public opinion, the cheap price of natural gas, liability issues, and continued challenges of waste management affect nuclear energy policy?

  • April 13, 2012 Beijing
    New Trends in Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Security

    The month of March 2012 marked two major developments in the realm of nuclear safety and nuclear security with the one-year anniversary of the nuclear disaster at Fukushima Daiichi and the second Nuclear Security Summit held in Seoul.

  • March 6, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    Was the Fukushima Accident Preventable?

    Contrary to initial assessments that characterized the March 2011 accident at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station as an unavoidable disaster, the accident was foreseeable and preventable.

  • March 6, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    One Year On: Assessing Fukushima’s Impact

    Almost one year after a massive tsunami triggered a nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, the plant itself may finally be under control, but the accident’s consequences are likely to be profound and long lasting.

  • December 13, 2011 Washington, DC
    The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group

    The Nuclear Suppliers Group, which is responsible for establishing guidelines that govern the transfer of nuclear-related materials, equipment, and technology, faces a number of serious challenges.


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036-2103 Phone: 202 483 7600 Fax: 202 483 1840
Please note...

You are leaving the website for the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and entering a website for another of Carnegie's global centers.