Moisés Naím

Distinguished Fellow
Moisés Naím is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a best-selling author, and an internationally syndicated columnist.


PhD, MSc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


English; Italian; Spanish


Moisés Naím is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a best-selling author, and an internationally syndicated columnist.

Naím was the editor-in-chief of Foreign Policy magazine for fourteen years. During his tenure, Foreign Policy won the National Magazine Award for General Excellence three times. He is author of many scholarly articles and more than ten books on international economics and politics. His 2013 book, The End of Power, a New York Times bestseller, was selected by the Washington Post and the Financial Times as one of the best books of the year upon release. His earlier book, Illicit, continues to be widely cited for its pioneering analysis of the globalization of transnational criminal networks. In 2018, he published his first novel Two Spies in Caracas

In 2011, Naím was awarded the Ortega y Gasset prize, the most prestigious award in Spanish journalism. The British magazine Prospect named him one of the world’s leading thinkers in 2013, and for several years the Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute of Switzerland ranked him among the top 100 global thought leaders. He is also the host and producer of “Efecto Naím,” an Emmy-winning weekly television program on international affairs that airs throughout the Americas on DirectTV (NTN24).

Naím’s experience in public service includes his tenure as Venezuela’s Minister of Trade and Industry in the early 1990s, director of Venezuela’s Central Bank, and executive director of the World Bank. He was a professor of business and economics and dean of IESA, Venezuela’s main business school, and also taught at John Hopkins’ School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington.

Naim holds a Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Doctor Honoris Causa in International Affairs from American University. He is a member of the Council of Foreign Relations and an honorary member of Venezuela’s Academy of Economic Sciences.

  • Op-Ed El País December 15, 2021
    An Uninhabitable Earth?

    This is the central problem facing humanity in its battle to control climate change, since the bulk of the investments necessary to achieve the objective will have to come from taxpayers in rich countries.

  • Op-Ed The Wall Street Journal December 15, 2021
    Venezuela’s Fatal Embrace of Cuba

    At the same time, tanker ships were departing from Venezuelan terminals full of oil. They did so in contravention of U.S. sanctions, turning off their satellite tracking devices to avoid detection and heading north-northwest…toward Cuba. This image tells the fundamental story of Venezuela’s multilevel disaster.

  • Op-Ed El País November 22, 2021
    Why Dictators Love Elections

    The proliferation of autocrats who love to stage presidential elections is a surprising political phenomenon. What they want is an exercise that gives off the illusion of democracy, but where their victory is securely guaranteed.

  • Op-Ed El País November 4, 2021
    What Was Colin Powell Doing on September 11, 2001?

    Polarization within Latin America is inevitably reflected in the polarization of governments in the region. It is not surprising then, that in the last 20 years the Inter-American Democratic Charter Powell signed has not been successfully invoked even when it was flagrantly violated, such as by Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela and Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua.

  • Op-Ed Foreign Affairs September 28, 2021
    Venezuela’s Endless Crisis

    These are bleak, unpalatable scenarios, but sadly, there are few reasons to expect better. The wishful hope that the criminals in charge of the Venezuelan regime can somehow be persuaded to accede to their own ruin is just that—a hope—and certainly not a proper basis for diplomatic action.

  • Op-Ed El País September 28, 2021
    Two American Surprises

    Dramatic international developments that affect us all are becoming more frequent. Some touch us directly and others reverberate around us. But the daily news leaves us with the feeling that we are in a time of great change.

  • Op-Ed El País September 9, 2021
    Two Ideas Defeated in Kabul

    What was defeated in Afghanistan was not just the most expensive and technologically advanced army in the world, but also two ideas that had deeply influenced the Western world. The first is that democracy can be exported, and the second is that the US military is the best in the world.

  • Op-Ed El País May 20, 2021
    Latin America’s Lessons for Biden

    It’s easy to discount what Latin America may have to teach the world about running an economy. After all, what can a region perpetually embroiled in intractable problems possibly teach us?

  • Op-Ed El País May 5, 2021
    The Great Divide: Science Booms While Politics Bomb

    What has happened with the Covid-19 vaccine–its invention, production and distribution–is a telling example of the dangerous gap between technology and politics. While the scientific effort to create and produce the Covid-19 vaccine was global, the response from governments has been local.

  • Op-Ed El País March 23, 2021
    An Avalanche of Money

    Economists agree that the devastating economic aftermath of the pandemic calls for a substantial increase in government spending.

  • Basic Books March 5, 2013
    The End of Power

    Those in power today are more constrained in what they can do with it and more at risk of losing it than ever before.

  • New York October 10, 2006
    Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers and Copycats are Hijacking the Global Economy

    From pirated movies to weapons of mass destruction, from human organs to endangered species, drugs or stolen art, Illicit reveals the inner workings of these amazingly efficient international organizations and shows why it is so hard—and so necessary—to contain them.

  • International Development Research Centre January 1, 2000
    Altered States: Globalization, Sovereignty, and Governance

    Gordon Smith and Moisés Naím provide practical recommendations for improved governance and for strengthening and reforming the United Nations. They explore the dynamics of globalization and discuss what makes today's globalization distinct.

  • Mexico 1994
    Washington January 1, 1998
    Mexico 1994: Anatomy of an Emerging-Market Crash

    This book offers in-depth analysis of long-term political and economic processes that set the stage for Mexico's peso crisis, and of specific actions in Mexico and abroad that prompted the crash and shaped its outcome.

  • Cover - Lessons of the Venezuelan Experience
    Woodrow Wilson Center Press November 1, 1994
    Lessons of the Venezuelan Experience

    Papers presented at an October 1992 conference form the basis of the chapters in this book, although some were commissioned after the conference. Topics include the decline of Venezuelan exceptionalism, political parties and the Democratic crisis, popular opinion, civil- military relations, the Venezuelan private sector, social policy, and constitutional reform.

  • Washington January 1, 1993
    Paper Tigers and Minotaurs: The Politics of Venezuela's Economic Reforms

    Weakened public institutions, military reform, and public opinion in the face of rapid change have opened the door for corruption, inequitable distribution of burdens, and political instability in South America. Countries in the region are facing painful and sometimes dangerous reform.


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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