Ankit Panda

Stanton Senior Fellow
Nuclear Policy Program
Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.


AB, Princeton University


English; French; Hindi


Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. An expert on the Asia-Pacific region, his research interests range from nuclear strategy, arms control, missile defense, nonproliferation, emerging technologies, and U.S. extended deterrence. He is the author of Kim Jong Un and the Bomb: Survival and Deterrence in North Korea (Hurst Publishers/Oxford University Press, 2020). 

Panda was previously an adjunct senior fellow in the Defense Posture Project at the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) and a member of the 2019 FAS International Study Group on North Korea Policy. He has consulted for the United Nations in New York and Geneva on nonproliferation and disarmament matters, and has testified on security topics related to South Korea and Japan before the congressionally chartered U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.

Panda was a Korea Society Kim Koo Fellow, a German Marshall Fund Young Strategist, an International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) Shangri-La Dialogue Young Leader, and a Carnegie Council on Ethics in International Affairs New Leader. He has worked at the Council on Foreign Relations and the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination at the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs.

A widely published writer, Panda’s work has appeared in the New York Times, the Washington Post, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the Diplomat, the Atlantic, the New Republic, the South China Morning Post, War on the Rocks, Politico, and the National Interest. Panda has also published in scholarly journals, including Survival, the Washington Quarterly, and India Review, and has contributed to the IISS Asia-Pacific Regional Security Assessment and Strategic Survey. He is editor-at-large at the Diplomat, where he hosts the Asia Geopolitics podcast, and a contributing editor at War on the Rocks.

  • Op-Ed Foreign Affairs December 16, 2021
    Will More States Acquire Nuclear Weapons?

    A broad pool of experts offer their thoughts on the risk of expanding nuclear weapons capabilities.

  • Op-Ed The Diplomat October 25, 2021
    It’s Time for the Quad to Chart a Bold Course on Space Governance

    The Quad won’t turn into a space governance powerhouse overnight, but their consultations on space should begin by addressing a small, but important, menu of issues that can serve as a foundation for broader international efforts.

  • Op-Ed 19FortyFive September 29, 2021
    North Korea’s New ‘Hypersonic Missile’: Not A Game Changer Just Yet

    Without diplomacy to dissuade further testing, we shouldn’t be surprised to see North Korea test more advanced weapons in the coming months. The missile-testing campaign of the 8th Party Congress is in full swing.

  • The Washington Quarterly September 24, 2021
    A Call to Arms: Kim Jong Un and the Tactical Bomb

    Does Kim Jong Un intend to deploy tactical nuclear weapons? If so, how might these weapons manifest in the country's existing nuclear forces and what challenges may arise for the United States and South Korea?

  • Op-Ed Arms Control Association September 2, 2021
    North Korea and the Proof of Nuclear Adherence

    Although the administration does not use the phrase “arms control” in describing its North Korea policy, achieving any “practical progress” would require limiting the quantitative growth and qualitative improvement of North Korea’s nuclear capabilities.

  • A missile launching
    July 27, 2021
    New Approaches to Verifying and Monitoring North Korea’s Nuclear Arsenal

    While hopes remain for a reboot of nuclear talks with North Korea, a crucial but oft-overlooked question is how compliance with any negotiated agreement would be monitored and verified.

  •  US military test fires an unarmed intercontinental ballistic missile
    Testimony Senate Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Strategic Forces June 9, 2021
    Missile Defense Strategy, Policies, and Programs in Review of the Defense Authorization Request

    Congress should play a leading a role in steering the United States toward a strategically prudent and responsible missile defense policy—one that maximizes U.S. national security interests while averting an unnecessary nuclear arms race at a time when conventional challenges loom large.

  • Op-Ed Defense One May 3, 2021
    We Don’t Have Enough Information to Evaluate Arguments for a New ICBM

    To facilitate informed public debate and astute decision-making concerning the future of the American ICBM force, Congress should commission an independent review and assessment of the feasibility of and risks associated with a further life-extension of the Minuteman III.

  • A debris shield that was removed from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
    April 30, 2021
    Reducing Risks to Space Systems: Recommendations for the UN Secretary-General

    Three recommended steps for Member States of the United Nations to take in support of norms, rules, and principles of responsible behaviors to reduce threats to space systems and support sustainable uses of outer space.

  • Op-Ed NK News March 30, 2021
    What We Know About North Korea’s ‘Newly developed’ Missiles

    North Korea recently test-fired two short-range ballistic missiles. Described by state media as “new-type tactical guided projectiles,” the missiles in question appeared to be the same, unidentified short-range ballistic missile system that North Korea showed off at its Jan. 2021 military parade.

  • New Approaches to Verifying and Monitoring North Korea’s Nuclear Arsenal
    September 28, 2021 Live Online
    New Approaches to Verifying and Monitoring North Korea’s Nuclear Arsenal

    Carnegie scholars and international technical experts, with the support of the Korea Foundation, have articulated a range of approaches in a recent report. Even if ideal verification conditions are not realized in the short-term, these approaches can help build trust and contribute to risk reduction.

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