Evan S. Medeiros

Nonresident Senior Fellow
Asia Program
Evan S. Medeiros is a nonresident senior fellow in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.


Ph.D., London School of Economics and Political Science

M.Phil, University of Cambridge

M.A., University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies

B.A., Bates College


English; Mandarin Chinese


Evan S. Medeiros is a nonresident senior fellow in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. In June 2015, he stepped down from the position of special assistant to the president and senior director for Asian affairs at the White House’s National Security Council (NSC). In that role, Medeiros served as President Barack Obama’s top adviser on the Asia-Pacific and was responsible for coordinating U.S. policy toward the region across the areas of diplomacy, defense policy, economic policy, and intelligence affairs. He joined the National Security Council staff in summer 2009 as director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolian affairs. In total, he served on the NSC staff for nearly six years.

Medeiros previously worked as a senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation. He specialized in research on the international politics of East Asia, China’s foreign and national security policies, U.S.-China relations, and Chinese defense and security issues. From 2007 to 2008, he served as policy adviser to the special envoy for China and the U.S.-China Strategic Economic Dialogue at the Treasury Department, serving Secretary Henry “Hank” Paulson.

Medeiros has written several books and journal articles on a broad range of Asian security issues. In 2009, he published China’s International Behavior: Activism, Opportunism and Diversification (RAND, 2009) and in 2008 co-authored Pacific Currents: The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to China’s Rise (RAND, 2008). In 2007, he published the internationally recognized volume Reluctant Restraint: The Evolution of China’s Nonproliferation Policies and Practices, 1980-2004 (Stanford University Press, 2007).

Prior to joining RAND, Medeiros was a senior research associate at the Monterey Institute of International Studies in Monterey, California. In 2000, he was a visiting fellow at the Institute of American Studies at the China Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing and an adjunct lecturer at China’s Foreign Affairs College.

  • Foreign Affairs October 19, 2021
    Is U.S. Foreign Policy Too Hostile to China?

    Experts weigh in on whether the United States is too hostile toward China.

  • Op-Ed Foreign Affairs July 8, 2021
    Regime Change Is Not an Option in China

    The relationship between China and the United States is the central drama of global politics today. It captures and defines the current era: great-power rivalry, ideological competition, the diffusion of advanced technology, and the weakening of U.S. hegemony.

  • The Crisis Unfolding in Asia
    Podcast July 17, 2019
    The Crisis Unfolding in Asia

    In this episode, Paul Haenle spoke with Evan Medeiros, former special assistant to the president and senior director for Asian affairs at the National Security Council, on escalating tensions between Japan and South Korea and the implications for the United States and China.

  • Podcast February 11, 2017
    Trump Will Honor “One China” Policy

    After early indications that U.S. President Trump might abandon the long-established “One China” policy, he reassured Chinese President Xi Jinping that he would honor the policy in his first communication with the Chinese leader since his inauguration.

  • May 5, 2016 Washington, DC 中文
    Chinese Nuclear Thinking: U.S. Perspectives

    Chinese nuclear experts think about nuclear weapons very differently from their U.S. counterparts. How can Washington and Beijing promote an effective dialogue despite their disparate approaches?

Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=1143

Areas of Expertise

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