Rose Gottemoeller

Nonresident Senior Fellow
Nuclear Policy Program
Rose Gottemoeller is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. She also serves as the Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution.


B.S., Georgetown University
M.A., George Washington University


English; French; Russian


Rose Gottemoeller is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. She also serves as the Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution.

From 2016 to 2019, Gottemoeller served as the deputy secretary general of NATO, where she helped shape NATO’s counterterrorism strategy and response to new security challenges in Europe.

Prior to NATO, Gottemoeller served for nearly five years as the undersecretary for arms control and international security at the U.S. Department of State. She was previously the assistant secretary for arms control, verification, and compliance in 2009-2010, during which she was the principal U.S. negotiator for the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation.

From 2000 to 2005, Gottemoeller was director of the Carnegie Moscow Center and was a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment in Washington D.C., where she had a joint appointment to the Russia and Eurasia and Nuclear Policy Programs (then known as the Nonproliferation Project).

Before joining Carnegie in 2000, Gottemoeller was the deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy. Previously, she served as the department’s assistant secretary for nonproliferation and national security, with responsibility for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. She first joined the department in November 1997 as director of the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security.

Prior to the Energy Department, Gottemoeller served for three years as deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. She has also served on the National Security Council in the White House as director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs, with responsibility for denuclearization in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus. Previously, she was a social scientist at RAND and a Council on Foreign Relations international affairs fellow.

  • Op-Ed Foreign Affairs December 16, 2021
    Will More States Acquire Nuclear Weapons?

    A broad pool of experts offer their thoughts on the risk of expanding nuclear weapons capabilities.

  • Op-Ed POLITICO November 24, 2021
    Lessons from the Cold War on Preventing a U.S.-China Arms Race

    Just as the 1970s and 80s brought more clarity about the USSR’s nuclear intentions, the West needs to understand more about China’s objectives in its nuclear modernization — while also being willing to talk frankly about its own.

  • Op-Ed Carnegie Council Audio Podcast October 28, 2021
    Negotiating the New START Treaty

    "Pakistan has a very decent working relationship with China, and so I think as more action shifts from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean this could be a recipe for some potential nuclear crisis in that area of the world"

  • Op-Ed Texas National Security Review October 18, 2021
    The Standstill Conundrum: The Advent of Second-Strike Vulnerability and Options to Address It

    Moreover, Americans need to take care that their military response options remain viable. The United States should not allow itself to be outpaced in the acquisition of advanced technologies. If they do, then they will find themselves in a destabilized situation, in which the U.S. force structure — nuclear and conventional — is vulnerable while others’ are not.

  • Op-Ed The New York Times September 21, 2021
    A Better Australia Sub Deal

    We need an outcome where Australia gets the silent long-running submarines it needs; the United States, Britain and France get a strategic partner in the Indo-Pacific; and NATO Europe and the nuclear nonproliferation regime come away stronger.

  • Op-Ed The Hill September 13, 2021
    China’s Nuclear Build-up: The Great Distraction

    We must keep a sharp eye on China’s nuclear deployments. But we have a long head start on them and can ensure that they do not surprise us in the nuclear space. If we fail to stay focused, we may find one day that they have achieved strategic superiority with entirely new military systems that we can neither defend against nor match.

  • Op-Ed Politico June 14, 2021
    A Former Nuclear Negotiator’s Advice for Biden and Putin

    How can the two presidents make the best of their one shot at setting the nuclear table? As the lead U.S. negotiator of the original New START treaty, I have some advice for them: Keep it simple.

  • Op-Ed Politico December 18, 2020
    NATO, ‘Brain Dead’ No More

    A year after French President Emmanuel Macron declared NATO “brain dead,” the military alliance has finally come up with a worthy response to and a blueprint for how it can step into the future.

  • NATO Alliance Remains a Transatlantic Bargain
    Op-Ed Columbus Dispatch September 16, 2020
    NATO Alliance Remains a Transatlantic Bargain

    It has helped to build what the late John McCain called a “league of democracies” to battle the rising tide of autocratic rule. It has been a force multiplier for the U.S. military as it tackles instability, crisis and conflict.

  • Rethinking Nuclear Arms Control
    Washington Quarterly September 15, 2020
    Rethinking Nuclear Arms Control

    Where is nuclear arms control—negotiated restraints on the deadliest weapons of mass destruction—headed?

  • Back Story with Dana Lewis September 24, 2021
    Australia Submarines

    A discussion on why President Joe Biden must rethink a deal which cuts out France and gives highly enriched uranium in nuclear powered submarines to Australia.

  • Council on Foreign Relations August 3, 2021
    The Future of Arms Control, With Rose Gottemoeller

    A discussion on the efforts to regulate, if not eliminate, nuclear weapons.

  • CSIS July 29, 2021
    Future Strategy Forum: Emerging Technologies and Nuclear Weapons

    Cyber security must be at the forefront and the U.S. must be on the leading edge of providing for security for our cyber networks.

  • Press the Button June 21, 2021
    New Precedents

    Nuclear policy expert describes her experience negotiating the New START Treaty during the Obama administration, and what the recent summit between President Joe Biden and President Vladimir Putin means for the future of arms control.

  • CNN June 16, 2021
    Biden-Putin Need to ‘Get Going’ on Arms Control

    U.S. President Joe Biden and Russia’s President Vladimir Putin have been holding talks for the first time since Biden became leader.

  • Stanford News June 14, 2021
    Stanford Experts Weigh In on What to Expect at the Biden-Putin Summit

    With such different threat perceptions, the two presidents are not going to agree in Geneva about what should go into the next nuclear treaty. They can agree, though, to put their experts together to hammer it out.

  • War & Peace November 24, 2020
    The Future of NATO

    70 years into its conflict prevention mission, can NATO still contend with the defense challenges of today and tomorrow, both internally and as an actor on the world stage?

  • World Class Podcast September 11, 2020
    Will the U.S. and Russia Extend ‘New START’ By February? Here’s What it Takes

    The New START Treaty caps the number of strategic missiles and heavy bombers that the U.S. and Russia can possess. The nuclear arms control treaty is set to expire in February 2021 unless an agreement is signed in the coming months.

  • Smart Women, Smart Power August 26, 2020
    PONI Pathbreakers: All Things Arms Control

    Experts discuss the future of arms control treaties and the impact current events have had on the relationship between the United States and its allies.

  • WOSU Public Media August 6, 2020
    Nuclear Disarmament

    The U.S. detonated atomic boms over Japan 75 years ago. To this day, it remains the only use of nuclear weapons in armed conflict, but countries around the world have built their capacity to an estimated total of nearly 14,000 warheads over the last 70 years.

  • Is the U.S. Safer without the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty?
    December 10, 2021 Live Online
    Is the U.S. Safer without the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty?

    Join the Carnegie Endowment for a special conversation featuring Rose Gottemoeller, Stephen J. Hadley, and Tino Cuéllar on U.S. missile defense policy and arms control.

  • Navigating a Turbulent Future: What to Expect in 2022?
    December 9, 2021 Live on YouTube and Facebook عربي
    Navigating a Turbulent Future? What to Expect in 2022

    The Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center will be holding its fifth annual conference on Wednesday, December 8, and Thursday, December 9, 2021, to delve deeper into what to expect in 2022.

  • The Growing Threat of Nuclear Proliferation
    December 8, 2021 YouTube @CARNEGIEMENA عربي
    The Growing Threat of Nuclear Proliferation

    Join us on Wednesday, December 8 from 19:30-20:30 EET for a public panel discussion with Rose Gottemoeller, Mark Hibbs and George Perkovich chaired by Névine Schepers.

  • Negotiating the New START Treaty
    May 4, 2021 Live Online
    Negotiating New START

    Join us for the launch of Rose Gottemoeller’s new book, Negotiating the New START Treaty, and a discussion with Peter Baker on the New START negotiations with Russia and the biggest hurdles, challenges, and insights that can serve as a window to the future of U.S.-Russia arms control.

  • Sergey Kislyak
    April 7, 2009 Washington, D.C.
    Luncheon: Whither U.S.-Russia Relations?

    Experts discuss the future of START negotiations.

  • January 28, 2009 Washington, D.C.
    Russia's Economic Meltdown: Consequences and Prospects for the Future

    Russia's economic dependence on declining oil revenues has prompted calls to diversify into other industries, but the first step to economic stability is diversification within the oil industry.

  • George Perkovich and Rose Gottemoeller
    October 29, 2008 Washington, D.C.
    Seize the Superstructure

    A discussion of the superstructure of the nuclear order and the need for U.S. leadership in disarmament and reinvigorated U.S.-Russian arms control cooperation.

  • October 13, 2008 Moscow
    U.S.-Russian Anti-Terrorism and Nonproliferation Cooperation

    Both U.S. presidential candidates support the strengthening of strategic cooperation between Russia and the United States, and consider the development of nuclear programs in Iran and North Korea to be unacceptable.

  • May 30, 2008 Moscow
    The Future of Missile Defense in U.S. Strategy and Policy

    From the Carnegie Moscow Center - Joseph Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund, and Philip E. Coyle, senior advisor at the Center for Defense Information argue that without cooperation between the U.S. and Russia, anti-missile defense development could adversely affect bilateral relations and undercut strategic stability.

  • April 11, 2008
    Symposium on Nuclear Nonproliferation and Global Politics

    Symposium on Nuclear Nonproliferation held at Rowan University on April 11, 2008.
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